Gymnosperms - Seed
are a group of seed-bearing plants that includes conifers, cycads,
Ginkgo and Gnetales.
The term "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek word gymnospermos
(γυμνόσπερμος), meaning "naked seeds", after the unenclosed condition
of their seeds (called ovules in their unfertilized state). Their naked
condition stands in contrast to the seeds or ovules of flowering plants
(angiosperms) which are enclosed during pollination. Gymnosperm seeds
develop either on the surface of scale- or leaf-like appendages of
cones, or at the end of short stalks (Ginkgo).
The gymnosperms and angiosperms together comprise the spermatophytes
or seed plants.
By far the largest group of living gymnosperms are the conifers (pines,
cypresses, and relatives), followed by cycads, Gnetales (Gnetophyta,
Ephedra and Welwitschia), and Ginkgo (a single living species).
Gymnosperms in Zambia:
Cycad: Encephalartos schmitzii
Malaise (Family Zamiaceae)
latifolius (Thunb.) Mirb. (Family Podocarpaceae)
See the website Zambia Flora
much more information